Entertained by the Cruel abuse of Bulls and Horses? - then you've arrived at the right place! Enjoy...
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Bullfighting is the systematic torture and eventual killing of an innocent animal. Each year 250,000 bulls face a brutal and  horrible death in the ring. Bullfighting is still practiced in countries such as Spain, Portugal, France, Mexico, Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru, Guatemala and the US.
Each country has its own method of bullfighting which cause untold suffering to the animal involved.  In Spain bullfight takes place in a circular arena. One event involves three bullfighters (matador)s who will kill two bulls each.

The bull is taken to the arena in a very small cage and then left in a dark room in total isolation, this is done to disorientate him before released into the ring.  When the normally gentle bull is released, the matadors’ assistants will torment the animal using orange or red capes.
The so-called fight is split in to three parts (or “acts”) and lasts for more than an hour.  The first part involves a “picadore” which is a man mounted on a horse armed with sharp lances that are designed to inflict the most amount of pain possible.

The picadore will ride around the bull to confuse it and then stab the baffled bull in the neck muscles. This is done so that the bull can not lift its neck to fight back. The lances are twisted to cause the maximum amount of muscle and tendon damage as well as bleeding and pain. The bewildered bulls scream out in agony but he is helpless against the picadore. 
It is not only the bull that suffers in this torture but also the horse. The horse is blindfolded and its ears are stuffed with newspaper, some horses may have their vocal chords severed. The horse is scared and confused and often sustains injuries, sometimes the horse is gorged by the bull’s horns and as a result may die, each year 200 horses die in bullfighting arenas.
In the second part, harpoons, known as banderillas, are thrown in to the bull by men running around on foot.  These barbed harpoons have 5 cm long spikes which cause lacerations, excruciating pain and massive blood loss. In total 6 banderillas will be lunged in to the bull’s body. 
The purpose is to significantly weaken the animal in readiness for the third and final part. Even during this stage the bulls maybe so weak that they crawl on the ground and uncontrollably defecate out of fear.

The men wielding the harpoons will then end this section of the so-called fight by running around the bull until it is completely confused and disorientated and so it has to stand still which makes it an easier target for the matador.
In the third and final part the matador will attempt to kill the already exhausted and distressed bull by stabbing it between the shoulder blades, right through the heart. More often than not he will miss and instead the blade will go through the lungs, this causes the bull to suffocate on its own blood which spurts out from the nose and mouth.
Then a puntilla knife is used to stab the animal in the back of the neck, the knife is then then twisted and girated to hack through the bull's spinal chord - but this often only paralyses the bull, and does not kill it. 
Next, the ears and tail of the bull will be cut off and given to the matador as a so-called “reward”.  Some bulls are not dead when this happens and so have to endure further pain as the ears and tail are severed, and also when it is eventually dragged out of the arena by a tractor or by mules.  The bull is then repeatedly stabbed or has its throat cut, and butchered for sale of its meat.
There are variations to the the above 'traditions'.  In Portugal, for example, the bullfighting is conducted completely on horse back. Up to three lances, known as rejounes, and six banderillas are used to inflict pain and suffering on these disorientated and frightened animals. However before the fight the bull will have their horns ripped off or they may be painfully filed down and have balls placed on the top.
You might read that in portugese bullfighting the bull is not killed - don't believe it!   In these cruel events the kill does not happen in the arena, instead the bull is taken away (from the eyes of tourists) and the lances and harpoons are pulled out - some are imbedded so deep that they have to be cut out along with the surrounding flesh.

This process causes extreme agony to the bulls, and is not even carried out under anesthesia. The bull may have to wait up to two days before being carted to the slaughter house, all the while suffering in pain and distress.
A 'brave' challenge between man and beast? - not really.   In bullfighting there are a number of cheating methods used to weaken the bull before the fight so as to make the kill easier. Firstly, the bulls used are bred to be slower giving the fighters a distinct advantage. Cutting off the horns known as afeitado causes tenderness and also affects the animals ability to judge distances.

It has been recorded that 20% of all bulls are drugged; they may be given tranquilizers or fed Epsom salts. The salts causes the bulls to purge and become dehydrated, the bull then drinks excessively causing it to become bloated and slow.  On the other hand some bulls are starved before the cruel event so as to reduce their stamina. 
Weights are also tied to the bull to weaken it, petroleum is rubbed in to the eyes to obscure their vision and sometimes the animal has its kidneys beaten and bruised.  Some bulls have sand bags repeatedly and deliberately dropped on their backs to injure them so they are less mobile.

The above information is courtesy of  http://www.saawinternational.org/bullfighting.htm.
Some amendments and additions have been made to the main article for tailoring purposes only.